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Thu, 31 May 2007
end of A large Israeli occupation force invaded Beita imposing a curfew, closing down a market and kidnapped the mayor
Norway resumes direct aid to the Palestinian Authority
Israeli occupation forces harrass several villages near Nablus, and kidnap the deputy mayor of Nablus
Israeli occupation forces invade two villages in the Jenin area; kidnap civilians and ransack homes
Wed, 30 May 2007
UCU (union of British university and college lecturers) votes in favour of boycotting Israeli universities
Israeli death squads assassinate two Palestinians in Nablus and injure scores
start of A large Israeli occupation force invaded Beita imposing a curfew, closing down a market and kidnapped the mayor
Letter from Israeli university heads which seems timed to undermine boycott call
Tue, 29 May 2007
Israeli undercover agents assassinate Palestinian policeman in busy mid-Ramallah restaurant
Israeli army kidnaps 9 Palestinian civilians from Nablus including a Fatah politician
Israeli occupation forces raid Rafah and kill two Palestinians
Sat, 26 May 2007
Eight Israeli air-strikes on Gaza
Israeli troops seize another Palestinian government minister
US military airplanes deliver weapons for the Lebanese army
Thu, 24 May 2007
Israeli troops seize 32 senior Hamas officials in West Bank, including legislators, mayors and one cabinet minister
Israeli missile hits house of Palestinian prime minister
Mon, 21 May 2007
Israeli interior ministry forces destroy four houses in the Negev village of Atir
Israeli occupation forces ransack media centers in Nablus
Israeli soldiers attack Dr. Mustafa Barghouti during a non-violent demonstration against the wall
Sun, 20 May 2007
Israeli air-strike on home of Hamas leader leaves 8 of his relatives dead

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Case of The Zwi Migdal Society - Warsaw, Poland; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Sao Paulo, Brazil; New York City, NY; and South Africa; India; China

Article/book #: 63791
Title: Case of The Zwi Migdal Society - Warsaw, Poland; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Sao Paulo, Brazil; New York City, NY; and South Africa; India; China
By: The Awareness Center  
Date of issue: Friday, 25 May 2007
Topic(s) addressed: People/entities mentioned in this item:


This page is dedicated in the memory of Sophia Chamys, Rebecca Freedman, Rachel Liberman, and the thousands of other women who were obducted and forced into prostution by the Zwi Migdal Society. According to reports there were members of the Society who were rabbis.

Thousands of naive, impoverished Jewish girls from eastern Europe were sold by Jewish mobsters into sexual slavery. Originally believing they were leaving their homes to get married. Most of these women were from poor families, their parents hoping for a better life for their daughters, were shipped off to various locations. This kidnapping, rape and forced prostitution of young Jewish women lasted from the end of the 1860s until the start of the Second World War.

This hugely profitable (annual revenues of $50 million in the 1890s) commerce in flesh was operated by the Zwi Migdal, a criminal association It was centred in Buenos Aires, with branch offices in several locations in Brazil; Buenos Aires, Argentina; New York City, NY; Warsaw, Poland; South Africa; India; and China.

The first boatload of young Jewish women arrived in Brazil in 1867; by 1913, there were 431 brothels in downtown Rio alone.

Three women --largely illiterate, bitterly poor--banded together to form their own benevolent society: the Chesed Shel Ermess, or Society of Truth. At the forefront were Sophia Chamys, Rachel Liberman and Rebecca Freedman, who also managed to get to a police station, and provide testimony which helped an honest cop destroy the Zwi Migdal in Argentina in the 1930s.

Sophia Chamys - was 13 when her father arranged her marriage to a well-dressed stranger from Lodz. She died at the young age of 18. Sophia's "husband" was, in fact, a wheeler-dealer in an international prostitution ring - Zwi Migdal. Chamys ended up, locked in a whorehouse, despised and shunned by the more respectable members of the city's Jewish community, which refused even to give the prostitutes proper burials.

Rebecca Freedman - became their leader (the women called her their queen) and made it her mission to perform the sacred tahara ceremony of washing the dead. Deeply religious, she died in either 1984 or 1986, at the age of 103.She was last president of the Society of Truth.

Rachel Liberman - more information needed on this hero.

THE POLACAS ("POLISH WOMEN" in Portuguese) first organized in 1906, in Rio de Janeiro, setting up the Jewish Association for Charity, Burial and Religion (ABFRI). Their goals, they wrote in the charter, were: "To set up a synagogue, and there practice all the ceremonies of the Jewish religion. To grant sick members in need of treatment outside the city a third-class train ticket and three pounds sterling. To grant members a third-class funeral." In its heyday, the organization existed in several cities, and several rabbis, all since deceased, were in its employ.

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