Miriam Na'or (1947-), born into a family which changed its surname from Lerner to Na'or, is a judge of the Israeli supreme court. She was appointed in May 2003.
Her family is deeply rooted in the right-wing Revisionist Zionist tradition. Her mother, Batya Karlinsky, was a member of Etzel. Her husband, Aryeh Naor (she is his second wife), whom she first met at a Revisionist gathering in his parents house, served as Prime Minister Menachem Begin’s cabinet secretary from 1977 to 1982. Her mother-in-law, Esther Raziel-Naor, was a long-serving member of Knesset for Herut (the precursor to Likud) — from 1949 to 1973. One of her sons, Michael Naor, had as his god-father Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, the spiritual mentor of the Gush Emunim settlement movement; his twin brother, Naftali Naor, whose godfather was Menachem Begin, ran unsuccessfully in Likud primaries.
she asked to be appointed to every panel of which Cheshin was a member, and in the justices’ deliberations over the Citizenship and Entry into Israel Law, she agreed with him in averring that the Palestinians aim to realize their right of return through marriage, and therefore did not support the law’s revocation.
A Haaretz editorial commented (6 July 2014):
Had the High Court rejected, as it was expected to do, the petition against a suspect's house, the IDF wouldn't have dared to prepare for dozens more demolitions. But the court chose once again to serve as the feeble echo of the defense establishment. It caved entirely.
The three judges who rejected the petition, Miriam Naor, Yoram Danziger and Uri Shoham, chose to ignore not only international law, which prohibits collective punishment. They also ignored the conclusions of a military committee set up in 2005, which ruled that the limited deterrence achieved by destroying homes is not proportionate to the hatred and hostility that this measure stokes. Following the conclusions of this panel, which was formed by then-Chief of Staff Moshe Ya'alon, Israel stopped demolishing terrorists' homes.