Dr. Malise Ruthven (born 1942) is a Scottish writer and historian on religion, fundamentalism, and especially Islamic affairs. He appears to have been the first writer to use the term "Islamofascism", in The Independent on 8 September 1990.
Ruthven is the younger son of Major Hon. Alexander Hardinge Patrick Hore-Ruthven and Pamela Margaret Fletcher (who later married Major Derek Cooper, OBE, MC). His elder brother, Grey Ruthven, is 2nd Earl of Gowrie. Ruthven is the godson of Freya Stark, whom his parents knew in Cairo in 1942, and has published several collections of her photographs.
Ruthven has taught at the University of Aberdeen, the University of California, San Diego, and Dartmouth College.
He has also contributed an afterword to the most recent edition of Albert Hourani's History of the Arab Peoples.