Franz Jaegerstatter (1907-1943) was an Austrian citizen who served two years in the German army after the Anschluss (annexation of Austria), but refused to serve when called up for reserve duty in 1943. He was not alone: 10,000 draftees refused to enlist in the Wehrmacht, of which 5,000 were killed in concentrations camps and 1,600 were executed outright, including 515 who were beheaded. Jaegerstatter was one of them.
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