Event #151 Israeli invasion of Sinai and Gaza Strip (Operation Kadesh) Start Date: Monday, 29 Oct 1956 End Date: Saturday, 16 Mar 1957
On 30 September 1956, an Israeli delegation came to Paris for talks with the French.
On 22 October, representatives of France, Britain and Israel meet at Sevres in the Paris suburbs.
On 23 October, the British cabinet is told of 'secret conversations' in Paris.
24 October, collusion is agreed and the Sevres Protocol is signed by representatives of the British, French and Israeli governments.
On 25 October, Eden tells Cabinet 'we must face the risk that we should be accused of collusion with Israel'.
On 29 October, Israeli forces crossed the Egyptian frontier and drove toward the canal, reaching it less than 4 days later.
On 30 October, Anglo-French ultimatum was issued to Egypt and Israel, asking that both withdraw ten miles from the canal zone. The ultimatum also asked Egypt to allow a "temporary" occupation of the zone, which Egypt rejected.
On 31 October, Anglo-French forces attacked Egypt in the Canal zone. Israeli occupied the Gaza Strip and key points on the Sinai Peninsula.
On 5 November, British and French captured Port Fuad and Port Said.
On 6 November, there was a cease-fire, forced by U.S. pressure.
On 8 November, hostilities ended.
21 November, the first UN peacekeepers arrived in the zone.
On 22 December, the last Anglo-French forces left the canal.
On 1 March 1957, Israeli foreign minister Golda Meir announces that Israel agrees to withdraw from the Gaza Strip and Sinai.
On 16 March 1957, the last Israeli troops leave. UN peace-keepers, UNEF, are installed along the frontier.
As the Israeli forces withdraw, they destroy all surfaced roads, railway tracks and telephone lines. All buildings in Abu Ageila and Quseima are destroyed, as were all military buildings around El Arish.
Number of related articles: 41 Number of related maps: 1 Number of related audio/visual clips: 1 Number of related quotations: 1
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