First London Conference on the Suez crisis

Events around time of this event

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21 Sep 1956
France agrees to Israeli request for help in nuclear development programme
end of Second London Conference on the Suez crisis
Suez Canal Users' Association set up
19 Sep 1956
start of Second London Conference on the Suez crisis
15 Sep 1956
First day of operation of Suez Canal without Western European pilots, processing record peacetime traffic
14 Sep 1956
Mass walkout of Suez Canal pilots
13 Sep 1956
Israeli attack on Gharandal
mid Sep 1956
British Cabinet approves withdrawal of Suez Canal pilots by 15 September
12 Sep 1956
British parliament recalled to discuss Suez
Remaining British, French, Dutch, and Italian Suez Canal pilots apply for exit visas from Egypt
11 Sep 1956
Israeli attack on Ar Rahwah
10 Sep 1956
French prime minister proposes Franco-British union
1 Sep 1956
Ben-Gurion accepts proposal for joint Anglo-French-Israeli action against Egypt
Sep 1956
King of Morocco signs decree forbidding Moroccan Jews from going to Israel
29 Aug 1956
US uses U2 spy-plane to detect arms build-up of French arms in Israel
23 Aug 1956
end of First London Conference on the Suez crisis
16 Aug 1956
start of First London Conference on the Suez crisis
8 Aug 1956
Eden broadcasts on BBC on the Suez crisis
early Aug 1956
Britain calls up 20,000 reservists in preparation for Suez
31 Jul 1956
Eisenhower writes to Eden warning him against war over Suez
Royal Navy mobilizes mothballed ship in response to Nasser's nationalization of Suez Canal
French Navy mobilizes Mediterranean Fleet in response to Nasser's nationalization of Suez Canal
28 Jul 1956
Eden freezes assets of the Suez Canal Company and takes control of Egyptian sterling accounts
27 Jul 1956
French defence minister calls in Israeli representative to ask if Israel was interested in invading Egypt
26 Jul 1956
Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal Company
19 Jul 1956
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles withdraws U.S. financing for High Dam at Aswan
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First London Conference on the Suez crisis

Start Date: Thursday, 16 Aug 1956
End Date: Thursday, 23 Aug 1956
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In response to Egypt's nationalization of the Suez Canal Company in late July 1956, the United States, Britain, and France two conferences to which certain maritime states were invited in order to consider the proper reaction to the crisis. The first London Conference met from 18 to 23 August 1956.

The invitation was sent to all 24 states signatory to the 1888 Constantinople Convention, which regulated the administration and supervision of the Suez Canal, plus states that shipped considerable cargo through the Canal. Egypt and Greece (which was quarreling with Britain over Cyprus) declined to attend; but the Soviet Union and the representative of India tried to represent the views and the rights of Egypt. During the conference Selwyn Lloyd, Britain's minister of foreign affairs, managed to induce eighteen states, including the United States, to sign a formal declaration demanding the establishment of a new international agency, representing the interests of the canal users, to take over the administration of the Canal affairs.

The expected failure of a delegation to convince Nasser to accept the London Conference decisions and the growing signs of an imminent Franco-British military operation moved John Foster Dulles to call for a second conference, which convened in London on 19 September.

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  • 19 Sep 1956 Second London Conference on the Suez crisis

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