Note:Qalandiya Refugee Camp is a Palestinian camp is one of the most important Palestinian refugee camps in the Jerusalem Governorate located 9.9km north of Jerusalem City. It was established in 1949. Qalandiya camp is bordered by Kafr Aqab to the east, west and north, and Ar Ram village to the south. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the total population of Qalandiya camp in 2007 was 7,962. There were 1,625 households living in 1,703 housing units.
Qalandiya Camp and the Israeli Occupation Practices
Qalandiya Camp has received its share of the Israeli confiscations for the benefit of the various Israeli targets, represented in the construction of Israeli settlements near the Camp territories, the Israeli occupation forces constructed “Kokhav Ya'acov” Israeli settlement near the camp from its northwest side and on the territories of Kafr Aqab as well. This settlement was established in 1984 and is currently inhabited by around 5811 Israeli settlers. The construction of the Racial Segregation Wall on the entrance of the camp has added to the suffering of the camp residents; according to the Israeli Segregation wall Plan that was published on the website of the Israeli Ministry of Defense in 2007, the Racial Segregation Wall isolates Qalandiya Camp from Jerusalem city, as the existing Wall has moved Qalandiya refugee camp outside the city borders, thus it became completely associated with Ramallah city. The Israeli policies aims to isolate Palestinian communities with high population density, such as Qalandiya and Shu'fat refugee camps outside the city of Jerusalem, in a move that will affect the demographic situation in the city of Jerusalem for the benefit of the Jewish presence in it. Through the construction of the Wall, Qalandiya military checkpoint and Qalandiya Israeli airport military camp; Qalandiya camp was separated from Qalandiya village. Qalandiya camp is about 1.5km in distance from Qalandiya village, thus people have to walk a distance of 7km between them, through looping around the Segregation Wall route throughout Ramallah city. Also, the Wall has prevented urbanization from all sides of the camp. It is worth mentioning that the Israeli occupation authorities constructed the Wall on the boundaries of the urbanized areas in the camp, the thing which has led to increase the total of area confiscated in the camp, and minimizing the area available for future urban expansion for the people of Qalandiya; this move will create a new reality on the camp residents that will be difficult to change, as the Israeli policies and plans - particularly in Jerusalem - and the rest of the Palestinian land, have led to a high population and urbanization density in the camp due to the lack of land for construction and expansion; thus leading the population to internal and vertical urban expansion.
Qalandiya Israeli Military Checkpoint
Qalandiya Military Checkpoint, which is located on Qalandiya and Ar Ram villages’ territories, is considered one of the most important and featured military checkpoints in the West Bank and one of the most difficult crossings leading to the occupied city of Jerusalem. To this day, Qalandiya Crossing is still considered an important feature of the suffering and humiliation of Palestinians traveling to and from the city of Ramallah, especially those holding the Jerusalem identity (the blue ID) whom were excluded outside the city limits of Jerusalem through the construction of the Segregation Wall, such as Kafr 'Aqab, Ar Ram and other nearby localities; as Palestinian citizens are forced to wait for long hours at the checkpoint to undergo a daily inspection when exit and/or entry to and from the occupied city of Jerusalem, causing choking traffic jams and increasing the suffering of the Palestinian citizens (holding the Green ID - the West Bank identity) heading to Ramallah city via the southern entrance of the city where their cars meet with the Jerusalem residents (holding the blue ID) cars. Additionally, the Israeli actions on Qalandiya crossing causes psychological and neurological pressures on citizens, increases the economic burdens on them and contributes to increase the environmental pollution within the crossing surrounding area, where thousands of cars accumulate. Moreover, Qalandiya crossing has witnessed the death of many martyrs, arrests and shootings; as it represents a sensitive area of friction with the Israeli side. NB: this checkpoint also served to separate Qalandiya village from Qalandiya camp, Ar Ram and surrounding towns to the east, causing more suffering to the Palestinian citizens.
- Jamal Abu al-Leil – a political prisoner who began an hunger strike to protest against his arbitrary imprisonment.
- Raed Fayez Mteir – a political prisoner who began an hunger strike to protest against his arbitrary imprisonment.
Principal families of the refugee camp: Allar, Lafta, Burj, Artoof, Khirbet al Looz, Ashu and Sar'a. Most are descendants of about 52 Palestinian villages from Al Lid, Ar Ramle, Haifa, Jerusalem, Hebron.
- ARIJ village profile
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Palestine Remembered: See data about this place in Palestine Remembered